Adéu a Nihil Obstat | Hola a The Catalan Analyst

Després de 13 anys d'escriure en aquest bloc pràcticament sense interrumpció, avui el dono per clausurat. Això no vol dir que m'hagi jubilat de la xarxa, sinó que he passat el relleu a un altra bloc que segueix la mateixa línia del Nihil Obstat. Es tracta del bloc The Catalan Analyst i del compte de Twitter del mateix nom: @CatalanAnalyst Us recomano que els seguiu.

Moltes gràcies a tots per haver-me seguit amb tanta fidelitat durant tots aquests anys.

dimecres, 18 d’abril de 2007

Treballen més les dones que els homes?

Tres economistes –Michael Burda de la Universitat berlinesa de Humboldt; Daniel S. Hamermesh, de la Universitat de Texes i Philippe Weil, de la Universitat lliure de Brussel·les- han fet un estudi en 25 països i han descobert que és un mite que les dones treballin –sumant la feina i la llar- més que els homes, almenys en els països rics.

Throughout the world, men spend more time on market work, while women spend more time on homework. In the United States and other rich countries, men average 5.2 hours of market work a day and 2.7 hours of homework each day, while women average 3.4 hours of market work and 4.5 hours of homework per day. Adding these up, men work an average of 7.9 hours per day, while women work an average of—drum roll, please—7.9 hours per day. This is the first major finding of the new study. Whatever you may have heard on The View, when these economists accounted for market work and homework, men and women spent about the same amount of time each day working. The averages sound low because they include weekends and are based on a sample of adults that included stay-at-home parents as well as working ones, and other adults.
In Sweden, Norway, and the Netherlands, men actually work more than women, although the differences are small. In Belgium, Denmark, Finland, and the United Kingdom, women work slightly more, though less than 5 percent. Among rich countries, the largest differences emerge in Italy, where women work eight hours while men work only 6.5, and in France, where women work 7.2 hours and men 6.6.
A couple of caveats to all this newfound equality. First, many knowledgeable people believe that women work more. In a survey by the authors of this study, 54 percent of economists and 62 percent of economics students thought that women work more than men, as did more than 70 percent of sociologists. And while the gender equal-work phenomenon has been noted before, "it has been swamped by claims in widely circulated sociological studies … that women's total work significantly exceeds men's," as the authors put it. Although men in many rich countries do not work less than women, they do enjoy about 20 to 30 minutes more leisure per day (over an hour more in Italy) because they spend less time on sleep and other biological necessities. Men spend almost all of this additional leisure time watching television.

El reportatge el publica Slate (via Barcepundit)
ADDENDA.- Wonkapistas comenta aquestes dades i afegeix les corresponents a Espanya. Al nostre país la situació és similar, tot i que les dones treballen una hora més de promig.
Cómo está el asunto de la igualdad / desigualdad de tiempos dedicados al trabajo en España?Bien, Spain is different, pero no tanto. Según el INE, los varones dedicaban una media de 8h 22' al trabajo remunerado y 2h 08' al cuidado del hogar y de la familia. En total, 10h 30'. Las mujeres: 6h 51' + 4h 45' = 11h 36'. Es decir, las mujeres dedican una hora más cada día a trabajar.Yo, sociólogo español, habría esperado, efectivamente, que la media fuera favorable a las mujeres. Lo que me sorprende es que "sólo" lo sea en una hora. Prejuicios de la profesión, ya se sabe.